#Schematic#diagram of a mixture of spin-up and spin-down lithium atoms confined to an array of one-dimensional tubes. The number of spin-up atoms (shown in blue) exceeds the number of spin-down atoms (orange). The mixture separates for high polarization (upper tube) into a partially polarized inner region surrounded by wings of spin-up atoms or for lower spin imbalance (lower tube) , into a partially polarized inner region with paired wings. At intermediate polarization (central tube) the whole cloud is partially polarized. via #scienceisbeauty@tumblr
#Thermal#Tides at #Mars-#Cooling #Heating
This #diagram#illustrates Mars' "thermal tides," a #weather#phenomenon responsible for large, daily variations in pressure at the Martian surface. #Sunlight heats the surface and 3atmosphere on the day side of the #planet, causing air to expand upwards. At higher levels in the atmosphere, this bulge of air then expands outward, to the sides, in order to equalize the pressure around it, as shown by the red arrows. #Air flows out of the bulge, lowering the pressure of air felt at the surface below the bulge. The result is a deeper atmosphere, but one that is less dense and has a lower pressure at the surface, than that on the night side of the planet. As Mars rotates beneath the sun, this bulge moves across the planet each day, from east to west. A fixed observer, such as #NASA's #Curiosity rover, measures a decrease in pressure during the day, followed by an increase in pressure at night. The precise timing of the increase and decrease are affected by the time it takes the atmosphere to respond to the sunlight, as well as a number of other factors including the shape of the planet's surface and the amount of dust in the atmosphere.