Mahatma (Sanskrit "great soul"), #Gandhi the soldier of #peace. He did what he preached and preached only what he does. October 2nd 2011 is the 142nd birthday of #Mahatma Gandhi and this year marks the 63rd. anniversary of his death. #India#World#Africa#Archbhoo
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948)
Gandhi first employed non-violent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers in protesting excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, increasing economic self-reliance, but above all for achieving Swaraj — the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led Indians in protesting the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, on many occasions, in both South Africa and India.
Gandhi strove to practice non-violence and truth in all situations, and advocated that others do the same. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had hand spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as means of both self-purification and social protest.
Young Mohandas Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi was educated in Great Britain and received a law degree from University College, London. After he was admitted to the British bar, he practised law in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, and later in Durban, South Africa. While in South Africa, he was treated as a member of an inferior race, which spurred him into his lifelong quest to achieve civil rights for all races.