Photos and Videos tagged with #Bhoobalan
பூபாலன் 40,000 yrs old Tamil
भूपालन 4000 yrs old Sanskri/Hindi
BUBALAN 400 yrs old English
அ अ a
a a a
- 34 days ago via site
Пётр Вели́кий,96 EUROPE ON THE EVE OF GREAT
September 24, 1932
WE have tried to have a little peep into the minds of the men and women of the eighteenth
century in Europe, especially in France. It has been just a glimpse revealing to us some new
ideas growing and battling with the old. Having been behind the scenes, we shall now have a
look at the actors on the public stage of Europe.
In France old Louis XIV finally succeeded in dying in 1715. He had outlived several
generations, and he was succeeded by his great-grandson, who became Louis XV. There was
another long reign of fifty-nine years. Thus two successive kings of France, Louis XIV and XV,
reigned for a total period of 131 years ! Surely this must be a world record. The two Manchu
emperors in China, Kang Hi and Chien Lung, each reigned for over sixty years, but they did not
follow each other, and there was a third reign in between.
Apart from its extraordinary length, the reign of Louis XV was chiefly remarkable for its
disgusting corruption and intrigue. The resources of the kingdom were used for the pleasures of
the king. There was extravagance at Court based on graft. The men and women at Court who
happened to please the king got free gifts of land and sinecure offices, which meant income
without work. And the burden of all this fell more and more on the masses. Autocracy and
incompetence and corruption went hand in hand, merrily forward. Is it surprising that before the
century was over, they came to the end of their path and stepped into the abyss ? What does
surprise us is that the path was such a long one and the fall came so late. Louis XV escaped the
people's judgment and vengeance; it was his successor in 1774, Louis XVI, who had to face this.
In spite of his incompetence and depravity, Louis XV had no doubts about his absolute authority
in the State. He was everything, and no one could challenge his right to do anything he chose.
Listen to what he said, addressing an assembly in Paris in 1766 :
" C'est en ma personne sevl que reside l 'autorite souveraine. . . . O'est a moi sevl qu'appartient le
pouvoir legislatif sans dependance et sans portage. L'ordre public tout enlier emane de moi ; j'en
suis le guardien supreme. Mon. people n'est qu'un avec moi ; les droits et lea interest de la nation,
dont on ose faire un corps separe" du monarque, sont nicessairement unis avec les miens et ne
reposent qu'entre mes mains."
Such was the ruler of France for the greater part of the eighteenth century. He seemed to
dominate Europe for a while, but then he came into conflict with the ambitions of other kings
and peoples, and had to acknowledge defeat. Some of the old rivals of France no longer played a
dominant part on the European stage, but
others arose to take their place and challenge the French power. Proud Spain had fallen back
both in Europe and elsewhere after her brief day of imperial glory. But she still held large
colonies in America and the Philippine Islands. The Hapsburgs of Austria, who had so long
monopolized the headship of the Empire and, through this, the leadership of Europe, were also
no longer so prominent as they used to be. Austria was not the leading State of the Empire now;
another, Prussia, had risen and become equally important. There were wars about the Austrian
succession to the crown, and for a long period a woman, Maria Theresa, occupied it.
The Treaty of Westphalia of 1648, you will remember, had made Prussia one of the important
Powers of Europe. The House of Hohenzollern ruled there and challenged the supremacy of the
other German dynasty—the House of Hapsburg in Austria. For forty-six years (1740-1786)
Prussia was ruled by Frederick, who has been called, because of his military success, the Great.
He was an absolute monarch, like the others in Europe, but he put on the pose of a philosopher
and tried to be friends with Voltaire. He built up a strong army and was a successful general. He
called himself a rationalist and is reported to have said that " everyone should be allowed to get
to heaven in his own way ".
From the seventeenth century onwards French culture was dominant in Europe. In the middle
years of the eighteenth century this became even more marked, and Voltaire had a tremendous
European reputation. Indeed, some people even call this century " the century of Voltaire ".
French literature was read in all the Courts of Europe, even in backward St. Petersburg, and
cultured and educated people preferred writing and speaking in French. Thus Frederick the Great
of Prussia almost always wrote and spoke in French. He even tried writing French poetry, which
he wanted Voltaire to correct and polish up for him.
East of Prussia lay Russia, already growing into the giant of later years. We have seen, when we
were considering Chinese history, how Russia spread across Siberia to the Pacific, and even
crossed to Alaska. Towards the end of the seventeenth century Russia had a strong ruler, Peter
the Great. Peter wanted to put an end to many of the old Mongolian associations and outlook that
Russia had inherited. He wanted to " westernize " her, as they say. So he left his old capital,
Moscow, which was full of the old traditions, and built himself a new city and a new capital.
This was St. Petersburg, in the north, on the banks of the Neva, at the head of the Gulf of
Finland. This city was quite unlike Moscow with its golden cupolas and domes; it was more like
the great cities of western Europe. Petersburg became the symbol of " westernization ", and
Russia began to play a greater part in European politics. Perhaps you know that Petersburg, the
name, is no more. Twice in the course of the last twenty years it has changed its name. The first
change was to Petrograd, and the second one, which now holds, to Leningrad.
Peter the Great made many changes in Russia. I shall mention
one which will interest you. He put an end to the practice of the seclusion of women, called
terem, which prevailed in Russia at the time. Peter had his eyes on India and knew the value of
India in international politics. In his will he wrote: " Bear in mind that the commerce of India is
the commerce of the world; and that he who can exclusively command it is dictator of Europe ".
His last words were justified by the rapid growth in England's power after she gained dominion
over India. The exploitation of India gave England prestige and wealth, and made her for several
generations the leading Power of the world.
Between Prussia and Austria, on the one side, and Russia, on the other, lay Poland. It was a
backward country with a poor peasantry. There was little trade or industry and no great towns. It
had a curious constitution with an elected king, and with the power in the hands of the feudal
aristocrats. As the countries surrounding it became stronger, Poland became weaker. Prussia and
Russia and Austria eyed it hungrily.
And yet it was the King of Poland that had beaten back the last Turkish attack on Vienna in
1683. The Ottoman Turks were not aggressive again. They had exhausted their energy and the
tide turned gradually. Henceforward they were on the defensive, and slowly the Turkish Empire
in Europe began to shrink. But in the first half of the eighteenth century, the period we are
considering, Turkey was a powerful country in the south-east of Europe, and her empire
extended over the Balkans and across Hungary to Poland.
Italy in the south was split up under different rulers and did not count for much in European
politics. The Pope no longer played a commanding r61e, and the kings and princes, while
treating him with deference, ignored him in political matters. Gradually a new system was
arising in Europe, the system of great Powers. Strong centralized monarchies, as I told you,
helped to develop the idea of a nation. People began to think of their countries in a peculiar way,
which is common enough to-day, but was uncommon before this period. France, England or
Britannia, Italia and other similar figures, begin to emerge. They seem to symbolize the nation.
Later on, in the nineteenth century, these figures take definite shape in the minds of men and
women and move their hearts strangely. They become the new goddesses at whose altar every
patriot is supposed to worship, and in their name and on their behalf patriots fight and kill each
other. You know how the idea of Bharat Mata —mother India—moves all of us, and how for this
mythical and imaginary figure people gladly suffer and give their lives. So people in other
countries felt also for their idea of their motherland. But all this was a later development. For the
present I want to tell you that the eighteenth century saw this idea of nationality and patriotism
take root. The French philosophers helped in this process, and the great French Revolution put
the seal on this idea.
These nations were the " Powers ". Kings came and went, but the nation continued. Of these
Powers gradually some stood out
as more important than the others. Thus in the early eighteenth-century France, England, Austria,
Prussia and Russia were definitely " Great Powers". Some others, like Spain, were in theory
great, but they were declining.
England was rapidly gaining in wealth and importance. Up to the time of Elizabeth she had not
been an important country in the European sense, and much less so in the world sense. Her
population was small; probably it did not exceed 6,000,000 at the time, which is far less than the
population of London now. But with the Puritan revolution and the victory of Parliament over
the king, England adapted herself to the new conditions and went ahead. So also did Holland,
after the yoke of Spain had been shaken off.
In the eighteenth century there was a scramble for colonies in America and Asia. Many European
Powers took part in this, but the chief contest ultimately lay between two—England and France.
England had got a great lead in the race, both in America and India. France, apart from being
incompetently governed by Louis XV, was too much involved in European politics. From 1756
to 1763 war was waged between these two Powers, as well as several others, in Europe and
Canada and India to decide as to who was to be master. This war is called the Seven Years' War.
We saw a bit of it in India when France was defeated. In Canada also England won. In Europe,
England followed a policy, for which she has become well known, of paying others to fight for
her. Frederick the Great was her ally.
The result of this Seven Years' War was very favourable to England. Both in India and Canada
she had no European rival left. On the seas her naval supremacy was established. Thus England
was in a position to establish and extend her empire and to become a world Power. Prussia also
increased in importance.
Europe was again exhausted by this fighting, and again there appeared to be comparative calm
over the continent. But this calm did not prevent Prussia, Austria and Russia from swallowing up
the kingdom of Poland. Poland was in no position to fight these Powers, and so these three
wolves fell on her, and by partitioning her repeatedly, put an end to Poland as an independent
country. There were three partitions—in 1772, 1793 and 1795. After the first of these, the Poles
made a great effort to reform and strengthen their country. They established a parliament, and
there was a revival of art and literature. But the autocratic monarchs surrounding Poland had
tasted blood, and they were not to be baulked; besides, they had no love for parliaments. So, in
spite of the patriotism of the Poles and the brave fight they put up under their great hero
Kosciusko, Poland disappeared from the map of Europe in 1795. It disappeared then, but the
Poles kept alive their patriotism and continued to dream of freedom, and 123 years later their
dream was realized, when Poland reappeared as an independent country after the Great War.
I have said that there was a measure of calm in Europe in the
second half of the eighteenth century. But this did not last long, and it was mostly on the surface.
I have also told you of various happenings in this century. But the eighteenth century is really
famous for three events—three revolutions—and everything else that happened in Europe during
these 100 years fades into insignificance when put beside these three. All these three revolutions
took place in the last quarter of the century. They were of three distinct types—political,
industrial, and social. The political revolution took place in America. This was the revolt of the
British colonies there, resulting in the formation of an independent republic, the United States of
America, which was to become so powerful in our own time. The Industrial Revolution began in
England and spread to other western European countries and then elsewhere. It was a peaceful
revolution, but a far-reaching one, and it has influenced life all over the world more than
anything in recorded history before. It meant the coming of steam and the big machine, and
ultimately the innumerable offshoots of industrialism that we see around us. The social
revolution was the great French Revolution, which not only put an end to monarchy in France,
but also to innumerable privileges, and brought new classes to the front. We shall have to study
all these three revolutions separately in some slight detail.
We have seen that on the eve of these great changes monarchies were supreme in Europe. In
England and Holland there were parliaments, but they were controlled by aristocrats and the rich.
The laws were made for the rich, to protect their property and rights and privileges. Education
also was only for the rich and privileged classes. Indeed, government itself was for these classes.
One of the great problems of the time was the problem of the poor. Although conditions
improved a little at the top, the misery of the poor remained, and indeed became more marked.
Right through the eighteenth century the nations of Europe carried on a cruel and heartless slave
trade. Slaves, as such, had ceased to exist in Europe, although the serfs or villeins, as the
cultivators on the land were called, were little better than slaves. With the discovery of America,
however, the old slave trade was revived in its most cruel form. The Spanish and Portuguese
began it by capturing Negroes on the African coast and taking them to America to work on the
land. The English took their full share in this abominable trade. It is difficult for you or for any
of us to have any idea of the terrible sufferings of the Africans as they were hunted and caught
like wild beasts and then chained together, and so transported to America. Vast numbers died
before they could even reach their journey's end. Of all those who have suffered in this world,
the Negroes have perhaps borne the heaviest burden. Slavery was formally abolished in the
nineteenth century, England taking the lead. In the United States a civil war had to be fought to
decide this question. The millions of Negroes in the United States of America to-day are the
descendants of these slaves.
I shall finish this letter on a pleasant note by telling you of the
great development of music in this century in Germany and Austria. As you know, Germans are
the leaders in European music. Some of their great names appear even in the seventeenth
century. As elsewhere, music in Europe was almost a part of religious ceremonial. Gradually this
is separated, and music becomes an art by itself, apart from religion. Two great names stand out
in the eighteenth century—Mozart and Beethoven. They were both infant prodigies, both
composers of genius. Beethoven, perhaps the greatest musical composer of the West, became,
strange to say, quite deaf, and so the wonderful music he created for others he could not hear
himself. But his heart must have sung to him before he captured that music.
Peter the Great was born in 1672 and he died in 1725. Peter was tsar of Russia from 1682 to 1725. His self-given title was Peter the Great
- 40 days ago via site
I recall my presence here...#India #PIO #NRI #GOPIO #Architecture #Bhoobalan #Archbhoo We need your #skill not your #money "Our eyes are not only on your money but on your hearts as well," Vajpayee 2003 @ Jacob K. Javits Center in downtown Manhattan
NEW YORK: If in any corner of the world there is a computer, you will find an Indian there. Harping on the image of the techno-savvy Indian that has helped the country earn a global reputation as an IT powerhouse, Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee told a 3,000 strong audience of Indian Americans that the country's strengths went beyond IT -- especially in the field of space technology.
"The Indian moon mission will be in place by 2008," he said to thunderous applause, repeating a promise he made during his Independence Day speech on August 15.
Vajpayee is here to address the 58th session of the U.N. General Assembly, on the sidelines of which he will be meeting with U.S. President George W. Bush, who is expected to pressure him to send troops to post-war Iraq.
But Iraq seemed far from his mind as he faced a cheering crowd of non-resident Indians (NRIs) and people of Indian origin (PIO).
Vajpayee not only touched but virtually strummed responsive chords when he said in Hindi to the cheering audience at the sprawling Jacob Javits Center here: "Ours is a relationship of blood, tears, joy. And a relationship of those born of one mother... Never believe that you are alone -- a 100 crore (one billion) Indians are with you."
The prime minister, who occasionally deviated from the prepared text to make impromptu remarks, sought, as he did last year, to stress to his audience that India was not interested in NRIs solely for their money and potential investments.
"Our eyes are not only on your money but on your hearts as well," he said, once again eliciting a huge roar of appreciation.
Describing the Indian community in the U.S. as "envoys" of the motherland, Vajpayee exhorted them to help improve relations between India, their matrubhoomi (motherland), and the U.S., their karmabhoomi (their adopted land).
This was Vajpayee's first public engagement since arriving here Friday for an eight-day visit during which he will also hold key bilateral meetings.
Anticipation was high at the event organized by Bhishma Agnihotri, ambassador-at-large for NRIs and PIO, as well as some 134 Indian-American organizations --- 34 of which presented the prime minister with a plaque inscribed with a 'Charter of Solidarity and Commitment' to help India become a developed country by 2020.
And Vajpayee did not disappoint. Interrupted by shouts of 'Bharat Mata Ki Jai," he lauded Indian Americans for their success, naming as examples such illustrious expatriate Indians as S. Chandrasekhar, Jagdish Bhagwati, Hargobind Khurana, Zubin Mehta and astronaut Kalpana Chawla, a new Indian-American icon whose name evoked a huge cheer from the audience.
He then enumerated India's economic and technological successes, again receiving sustained ovations when he repeated his Independence Day speech promise of sending an Indian mission to the moon by 2008. And also when he said that in any corner of the world that has computer, you would find an Indian!
Touching on cross-border terrorism, a subject that evokes strong feeling here, he said that the global fraternity would do well to remember that the roots of terrorism could be traced to countries other than Afghanistan --- a not-so-oblique reference to Pakistan. This too evoked loud cheers.
The event, according to those familiar with the activities of Indian-American organizations, was unprecedented. Never before, said one observer, had 134 such organisations come together on one platform.
"The credit," he said, "must surely go Ambassador-at-Large Agnihotri," who had apparently been working hard for some six months now to get as many organizations on board.
The event, which began with a choreographed "welcome" to the prime minister by 12 second generation Indian-American boys, also featured the rendering to music of one of Vajpayee's poems --- 'Kadam Mila Ke Chalna Hoga --- by an Indian-American group.
- 40 days ago via site
In Tamil national mysticism
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Tamil nationalists came to identify Kumari Kandam with Lemuria, a hypothetical “lost continent” posited in the 19th century to account for discontinuities in biogeography. In these accounts, Kumari Kandam became the “cradle of civilization”, the origin of human languages in general and the Tamil language in particular. These ideas gained notability in Tamil academic literature over the first decades of the 20th century, and were popularized by the Tanittamil Iyakkam, notably by self-taught DravidologistDevaneya Pavanar, who held that all languages on earth were merely corrupted Tamil dialects.
R. Mathivanan, then Chief Editor of the Tamil Etymological Dictionary Project of the Government of Tamil Nadu, in 1991 claimed to have deciphered the still undeciphered Indus script as Tamil, following the methodology recommended by his teacher Devaneya Pavanar, presenting the following timeline (cited after Mahadevan 2002):
ca. 200,000 to 50,000 BC: evolution of “the Tamilian or Homo Dravida“,
ca. 200,000 to 100,000 BC: beginnings of the Tamil language
50,000 BC: Kumari Kandam civilisation
20,000 BC: A lost Tamil culture of the Easter Island which had an advanced civilisation
16,000 BC: Lemuria submerged
6087 BC: Second Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king
3031 BC: A Chera prince in his wanderings in the Solomon Island saw wild sugarcane and started cultivation in Kumari Kandam.
1780 BC: The Third Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king
7th century BC: Tolkappiyam (the earliest known extant Tamil grammar)
Mathivanan uses “Aryan Invasion” rhetoric to account for the fall of this civilization:
“After imbibing the mania of the Aryan culture of destroying the enemy and their habitats, the Dravidians developed a new avenging and destructive war approach. This induced them to ruin the forts and cities of their own brethren out of enmity”.
Mathivanan claims his interpretation of history is validated by the discovery of the “Jaffna seal”, a seal bearing a Tamil-Brahmi inscription assigned by its excavators to the 3rd century BC (but claimed by Mathivanan to date to 1600 BC).
Mathivanan’s theories are not considered mainstream by the contemporary university academy internationally.
Kumari Kandam appeared in the The Secret Saturdays episodes “The King of Kumari Kandam” and “The Atlas Pin.” This version is a city on the back of a giant sea serpent with its inhabitants all fish people.
Loss and imagination
Sumathi Ramaswamy’s book, The Lost Land of Lemuria: Fabulous Geographies, Catastrophic Histories (2004) is a theoretically sophisticated study of the Lemuria legends that widens the discussion beyond previous treatments, looking at Lemuria narratives from nineteenth-century Victorian-era science to Euro-American occultism, colonial, and post colonial India. Ramaswamy discusses particularly how cultures process the experience of loss.
Professor Karsten M. Storetvedt, the chair in geomagnetism at the University of Bergen, Norway, and an author of the Global Wrench Theory (GWT), says that the equator regions have always been most prone to natural catastrophes like earthquakes and volcano eruptions. A part of explanation is that planet rotation and especially the difference in rotation speed between poles and equator force earth mantel to strain and to break more easily where the strain is strongest, that is at the equator regions. These tectonic processes played important role in the disappearance of the ancient continent known as Lemuria to western scholars. Sri Lanka together with India, Indonesia and Malaysia were a part of this continent. Many islands in the Pacific and Indian oceans are remnants of this continent that in ancient time covered the whole area of today’s ocean. Storetvedt, who seems to reject the theory of continental drift and plate tectonics, says that descriptions of cataclysms in early literature when land suddenly went underwater are logical. But they should be proven to be scientific facts. This can be done with the help of sea-floor analysis that is possible to carry out. Modern theories find supportive evidences both in ancient literature and language history.
For More Information,
Image: #Madurai (City in south #India 3000+ years old) #Meenakshi #Temple. #Dravidian #Architecture
- 160 days ago via site
All names related to Egypt, Nile river Ar ஆறு ARU and Pyramid derived from or it is just Tamil word.
Nile in Tamil Nile-lநீளம் long or Nile -நீலம் Blue or Nilem- Land- fertile, Valley also Tamil word -mean agri/ farm land (and counting the land area with how many valley? like acre/hectare
(1 (Valley)Veļi = 7 kāni = 6.43 acres = 2.6 hectares ( 1 Veli = 20 Ma = 5 kani only not 7 kani))
#Nile #River #Neilos
Nile River - the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean-மத்தியதரை (Tamil -Mathiya Terrai-Middle Land) ; the Nile River valley in Egypt.
The Nile is famous as the longest river in the world. The river got its name from the Greek word Neilos, which means valley. The Nile floods the lands in Egypt, leaving behind black sediment. That's why the ancient Egyptians named the river Ar, meaning black.
* The Nile originates in Burundi, which is located South of the Equator and then flows across Northeastern Africa, finally crossing Egypt and then drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
* It is one of the longest rivers in the world; it used to be the longest but recent studies suggest that Amazon River can be longer than Nile. The length of the river is approximately 6695 km and the river has two tributaries.
* Only 22% of the river passes through Egypt, the other countries through which Nile passes are Sudan, Burundi, Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania.
* The cities that Nile flows past are Cairo, Khartoum, Gondokoro, Aswan, Karnak, Thebes and the town of Alexandria.
* River Nile has two tributaries namely the Blue Nile and the White Nile; the volume of water of Nile is mostly determined by the Blue Nile, which contributes more than 50% of the water of the Nile River but then fertility wise, both the tributaries contribute considerably. In fact White Nile is called so because it appears white due to the presence of silt. White Nile originates at Lake Victoria and then the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, joins in Sudan and proceeds northwards.
* The source of the river is debatable since it is commonly known that the source of the river is Lake Victoria, which is the biggest lake in Africa, but it is observed that on the northern side of the lake there is a waterfall called Ripon Falls, which has a small opening and seemingly that is where the water in the River Nile comes from but then this cannot be held as the ultimate truth since there are many rivers that flow into Lake Victoria therefore which one of these or if all of them are the sources of The Nile. Presently River Kagera and its tributary, which is called Ruvubu whose headwaters are in Burundi, are considered to be the source of the River Nile.
* Nile also played an important in the building if the famous Pyramids since the blocks of stone, which were used to make these pyramids, were actually transported from the source to the site with the help of Nile.
The Nile Crocodile has been a major component of the Egyptian culture and way of life since the first Egyptians settled along the fertile banks of the Nile. Most Nile Crocodiles are approximately 4 meters in length, although some have been reported as longer. The animals make their nests along the banks of the Nile River, where the female may lay up to 60 eggs at one time. Some three months later the babies are born and are taken to the water by their mother. They will remain with her for at least two years before reaching maturity.
Today, exotic and sophisticated cities like Cairo grace the banks of the Nile River, as they have for thousands of years.
Ancient Egypt could not have existed without the river Nile. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops. Every year, heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian highlands, sent a torrent of water that overflowed the banks of the Nile. When the floods went down it left thick rich mud (black silt) which was excellent soil to plant seeds in after it had been ploughed.
The ancient Egyptians could grow crops only in the mud left behind when the Nile flooded. So they all had fields all along the River Nile.
Melting snow and heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian Mountains sent a torrent of water causing the banks of the River Nile in Egypt to overflow on the flat desert land.
The Nile is famous as the longest river in the world. The river got its name from the Greek word Neilos, which means valley. The Nile floods the lands in Egypt, leaving behind black sediment. That's why the ancient Egyptians named the river Ar, in Tamil "AR" ARU (River)
* The Nile originates in Burundi, which is located South of the Equat"or and then flows across Northeastern Africa, finally crossing Egypt and then drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
- 597 days ago via site
Next government will reverse #FDI decision: #AIADMK.
New Delhi, Dec 7 (IANS) The AIADMK Friday gave a "solemn assurance" to reverse the decision to allow foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail after the next Lok Sabha elections.
AIADMK leader V. Maitreyan, who moved the motion for a debate on FDI in the Rajya Sabha, said the final vote will be cast by the people in the next election.
"I give a solemn assurance that after the next Lok Sabha elections, the next government will reverse the decision of the UPA, and I stand by this assurance that FDI will only be on paper and will not be implemented in states.
"From now onwards we will see that the debate goes on across the length and breadth of the country and the final vote will be cast by the people at the next Lok Sabha elections," he added.
Slamming the United Progressive Alliance (UPA), the AIADMK leader said it was willing to please foreign retailers and did not care about "public and national interests".
Maitreyan claimed that FDI in retail would not provide organised markets, transportation and storage to farmers to help them get reasonable prices for their produce and won't save the consumers from being exploited.
He questioned the intent of members who voted for FDI.
"A vast majority of the members are opposed to FDI but it is unfortunate that voting is not on the merits of the issue but other considerations."
- 598 days ago via site
Painter/artist King-Raja Ravi Varma, Indian.
Sri Krishna as Envoy - Sri Krishna, in his role as an Envoy of Pandavas to the Kaurava Court. Oil painting on canvas by Raja Ravi Varma dated 1905 - Sri Jayachama Rajendra Art Gallery, Jaganmohan Palace, Mysore, Karnataka.
- 780 days ago via site
E #Sreedharan is one of the most celebrated international personalities in the field of Project Management. He is famously described as the Metro Man of India for his role in the creation of the Delhi Metro Railway and changing the way the people of national capital commute.
He is known for his amazing leadership skills as well as the rare ability of finishing most complex projects ahead of time and at low cost. He is renowned as the architect of the Konkan Railway project which against popular notion of being a White Elephant and being too impractical, made the project a reality at low cost and in less time.
Konkan Railway changed the face of entire West Coast of India for better. It has brought great prosperity to once most difficult area of the country. The phrase ‘Sreedharan is the one and only’ sums up this great personality.
DR. E SREEDHARAN
#Architect of #Modern India Ar UK #BHOOBALAN
- 782 days ago via site
India has not inaugurated a Christian president yet....Why not this time?2012 or Gopal Gandhi !
- 824 days ago via site
A memorial for Colonel John Penny Quick ( British), Architect/Builder of Mullaiperiyar Dam in Lower Camp, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Foundation Stone laid by the Chief Minister J Jayalalithaaa of Tamil Nadu,Chennai(Madras)-capital, India.
Colonel John Pennycuick CSI (15 January 1841, Pune - 9 March 1911, Camberley) was a British Army engineer and civil servant who served as a member of the Madras Legislative Council when India was under Colonial rule of British East India Company. He undertook several irrigation works which included the masonry dam of Mullaperiyar on the Periyar River.
- 824 days ago via site
Shaolin Temple,China, போதிதர்மன், बोधिधर्म, 菩提达摩 Dharuma The rise of damo-达摩,Tamil Bodhi Dharma, Damo-7aam arivu, Tao. Zen founder..
Bodhidharman, who was born in Kanchipuram (ancient planned city in the world...Dravidian Tamil architects/avid builders developed from here...across the world spread, China forbidden city designed by theses people from Vietnam, when they -Chola Raja Raja ruled whole SE Asia) and lived in India and China during the period of 5th / 6th century.
Here, we provide you some more interesting real stories and surprising facts about Bodhidharman!
The Buddhist monk is actually a Pallava prince born in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu and became a monk in a very young age. He looked little pot bellied, long-bearded and powerful eyes and sporting red robe over his body. He travelled to China and became the 28th Patriarch of Lord Buddha. It is also said he only institutionalized the Zen philosophy that is actually called ‘Chan’ philosophy in China and Dhyana in Sanskrit. The term ‘Zen’ is used in Japan. Bodhidharma also introduced martial arts to the Buddhist monks in Shoalin, China, where he invented and taught Shoalin Kung Fu! Bodhidharma is still worshipped and revered all around the world
崛起 – The Rise
的 – of
达摩 – Damo = Dharma, the teaching of Buddha / Bodhidharma“The Rise of Damo” Chinese Song Lyrics – 7aam Arivu (The Seventh sense) Songs Lyrics | 7aam Arivu Movie Lyrics
Zhe yindu nanzi shi shui?
யார் இந்த இந்தியன்
ta waisheme lai?
ஏன் இங்கு வந்தான்
youren ma ta shi hehang.
இவனை முனிவன் என்பர் சிலர்
youren shuo ta shi shen
கடவுள் என்பர் பலர்
ta zhi hao ni de wo de bing
நாம் கொண்ட நோய்கள் தீர்த்தான்
ta wei women zuo wanju
விளையாட பொம்மை செய்தான்
ta jiao women da jia waiyu
அயல் மொழி ஒன்று சொல்லி தந்தான்
women chang tai mier
தமிழில் என்னை பாட வைத்தான்
“thaaye tamil-e vanangugiren
“தாயே தமிழே வணங்குகிறேன்
ezhai enthan naavil neeye
ஏழை எந்தன் நாவில் நீயே
ta hen qiguai hen qiguai hen qiguai
அவன் மிக மிக விசித்திரமானவன்
ta chang ding zhe qiangbi.
வேற்று சுவரை பார்த்துகிடப்பான்
ta yu niao lei he dongwu jiaoten.
பறவை விலங்கோடு பேசிக்கிடப்பான்
women hen ai hen ai ta
அவனை அதீதமாக நேசித்தோம்
damo hui bu huilai?
தமோ திரும்பி வருவானா?
damo hui bu huilai?
மீண்டும் அவனைக் காண்போமா?
..........the Shaolin monks that led to the creation ofShaolinquan. However after few years, when he expresses his desire to return to India, the villagers plot to poison him and bury him near the temple, believing that their place would be disease free if he's buried there. Bodhidharma agrees to die and subsequently becomes a fundamental figure in Chinese history, affectionately being dubbed as Damo.
- 956 days ago via site
Takeo Kamiya-இந்தியா பற்றி டாகியோ-インドに関する武雄神谷アーキテクチャ帳-भारत के बारे में ताकेओ Kamiya वास्तुकला पुस्तक
When we hear the name 'India,' even though it is a distant land, there is a feeling of nostalgia in our hearts. This was the land that gave birth to one of the four major civilizations in the ancient world. It is the land where, along with China, an advanced civilization prospered. It is a great Asian nation that had an impact on all the countries surrounding it. India was also the leader of the Non-aligned Nations which was formed after the Second World War.
However for us the Japanese, India is the land which introduced Buddhism to us. Before writing the name India as 'Indo' in Japanese with the kanji character phonetically, it was written as 'Tenjiku' a translation for Sindhu, an ancient name for India and was looked upon as the Paradise of the West where Sanzo Hoshi (Monk of Tripitaka) headed for in the great Chinese novel "Saiyu-ki (Record of a journey to the West)."
When European imperialists invaded India and other Asian countries, Japan was a closed country. India became a colony of the British Empire, was exploited and reduced to poverty. For a nation that was once so rich in wealth and spirituality, the image we now have of India is very confused. Moreover after the Meiji era, Japan turned its back on Asian countries including India to improve ties with Europe. We turned to West and concentrated on catching up with and overtaking them.
This distorted leaning has continued up to the present age, which has further developed the erroneous image of India as being a mystical, mysterious country. Our media projects India as a mystical, magical country, but any civilization will look at people different from themselves as being mystical. Moreover European civilization and Christianity also has its own claims to mysticism as does India.
We need to recognize the true image and true value of the third world starting with India, without the tinted glass of discrimination based on economy, especially now, when Japan is at last freeing itself from being a devotee of the West. And if the culture and art of India is closely observed, one will find that, as with its music and dancing, Indian architecture too has reached stupendous heights.
This book i"Indo no Kenchiku") intends to introduce this true image of Indian architecture, aided with a large number of colour photographs.
Ar UK Bhoobalan, FIIA,AIA
- 963 days ago via site
It is fantastic idea of course. Let me see which genius #architect will create a very efficient means of traffic road design in Dubai to save the time killing of #traffic jams at the narrow roads in Dubai. If I wanted to come out of my house to any recreation place like a restaurant or a public park,I pass my time in the car due to heavy traffic jam so that I decide to come back home already late at night.
#STEVE #ARZOUMANIAN (Sep 18, 2011)
#Kuwait #Archbhoo #ArUKBhoobalan #Bhoobalan
- 1033 days ago via site
World Architecture Festival 2011
#Barcelona WAF 2011 704 entries, 284 shortlisted from 59 countries, going head to head...shortlists announced..#Architecture ..64 days left. #India #Kolkota #Design #Archbhoo #Bhoobalan
- 1064 days ago via site