Photos and Videos tagged with #Assembly
Finished product. simple. #assembly
- 520 days ago via site
India-Chennai City capital of Tamil Nadu State.
From the recognition of ‘self-respect marriages’ to the upholding of 69% reservation, the State Assembly, whose diamond jubilee is being celebrated today, has seen many momentous occasions, says T. Ramakrishnan
The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, which celebrates its diamond jubilee on Friday, has always been known as a forum for expressing strong views on various social and economic issues, and occasionally, a platform to settle political scores.
This was evident even in the first Assembly (1952-1957) when the House intensely deliberated the scheme of elementary education launched by the Rajaji government. Among the critics of the scheme were many members of the Congress and they contended that the scheme sought to perpetuate caste-based social hierarchy. Through an amendment in July 1953 to a government-sponsored motion, an attempt was made to recommend to the government to drop the scheme.
Though the amendment was not carried through, Rajaji quit the post within a year. After Kamaraj succeeded him, Education Minister C. Subramaniam in May 1954 informed the House that the scheme would be dropped.
The Rajaji days are remembered for landmark laws to protect tenants of farm lands and landless agriculturists.
After the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam captured power in 1967 and its founder C.N. Annadurai became Chief Minister, the Hindu Marriage Act was amended to recognise “self-respect marriages” or those marriages free of religious rituals. The law took retrospective effect as “self-respect marriages” formed a major plank of the Dravidian movement.
His successor and five-time Chief Minister, M. Karunanidhi, piloted several Bills and moved numerous motions. In his last spell (2006-2011), laws for exclusive reservation for Muslims and Christians within the quota of Backward Classes and Arundathiyars within the reservation of Scheduled Castes were made. However, in deference to wishes of the Christians, the scheme of separate quota for the community was dropped.
The 10-year-long rule (1977-1987) of the government, headed by M.G. Ramachandran of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, was noted for various measures in the area of revenue administration. Notably, the system of hereditary village officers such as “karnam” was abolished at one strokeAfter the Supreme Court delivered the Mandal Commission judgment in November 1992, settingthe ceiling for reservation in education and employment at 50 per cent, the Assembly responded through legislation aimed at safeguarding the existing 69 per cent quota for Backward Classes, Most Backward Classes and Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes.
The law was included in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution. The enactment of the quota law was a high point in the first tenure (1991-1996) of Jayalalithaa as CM. In her previous spell (2001-2006), the law against those who indulged in charging usurious rates of interest was enacted. The Assembly, which has witnessed several changes in the social profile of its members, has also seen numerous uproarious scenes and yet retains its character of lending voice to problems of the less-privileged.
#Archbhoo #TamilNadu #Chennai #India #Constitution
Image:SETTING THE STAGE Chief Minister C.N. Annadurai presents the State budget in 1967. Photo: Special Arrangement
- 637 days ago via site
#UN calls for ban on #female #circumcision
The UN General #Assembly's #human #rights committee has approved a resolution urging a #global ban on female #genital #mutilation, calling it harmful practice and a serious #threat to the #psychological, #sexual and #reproductive #health of #women and #girls.
The resolution calls on the 193 UN member states to condemn FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) and to enact legislation prohibiting the dangerous procedure. The document also urged for education campaigns to be set up in the countries practicing FGM, in a bid to help to eliminate it.
The resolution, sponsored by 110 countries, is very likely to be approved by the General Assembly, which is expected to take it up in the second half of December. However, when approved the document would not be legally binding and will just indicate high international concern surrounding the subject.
Italy's UN Ambassador, Cesare Maria Ragaglini, called the document "a breakthrough in the international campaign to end the harmful practice of FGM" expressing hope that it can “change the fate of many young girls around the world.”
Female genital mutilation or female circumcision is commonplace in the western, eastern, and north-eastern regions of Africa, in some countries in Asia and the Middle East, where millions of girls and women suffer from this harmful practice annually.
The procedure is also a growing concern in western countries, because it is often practiced in immigrant communities. In the UK some 6,500 girls are at risk of female genital mutilation every year.
According to WHO (World Health Organization) about 140 million girls and women worldwide have been subjected to FGM. In Africa, about 92 million girls of age of 10 years and above are estimated to have undergone FGM.
The main cause of female genital mutilation is a mix of cultural, social and religious factors. FGM is often considered a necessary part of raising a girl "properly" and is motivated by beliefs about what is considered proper sexual behavior. Although no Muslim or Christian leaders speak for FGM, many practitioners believe that the procedure is stipulated by religion.
FGM is mostly carried out on young girls, between infancy and age 15 and occasionally on adult women. In Africa, about three million girls are at risk of FGM annually.
WHO has many times reiterated in its reports that FGM does not have any health benefits for girls and women.
The consequences include cysts and abscesses, damage urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction and difficulties with childbirth. Many women who have undergone circumcision suffer anxiety and depression.
In most cases the procedure is carried out in insanitary conditions, often causing infections which can result in further complications and sometimes death.
In 1997, #WHO issued a joint statement with the #UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund against the practice of FGM. Another statement, with wider UN support, was issued in February 2008 to call for the abolishment of FGM. RT Published: 27 November, 2012, 21:44
Image-(Reuters / Darrin Zammit Lupi)
- 640 days ago via site
VOA: #UN #General #Assembly Spotlights #Syria #Crisis http://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.voanews.com/content/un_general_assembly_spotlights_syria_crisis/1517193.html&sa=U&ei=ecJmUNGeD6L7iwL0g4HQAw&ved=0CCsQFjAGOMgB&usg=AFQjCNEy-FCxsCjvTnWZcjOBLDm_CQY-ww #Mideast #civil #war
- 699 days ago via Twitterrific