On This Day: In 1969 a group of Native Americans from many different tribes occupied Alcatraz Island, and proposed an education center, ecology center and cultural center. Begun by urban Natives in San Francisco, some of whom were descended from people who relocated there under the Federal Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the occupation attracted other Native Americans from across the country, including American Indian Movement (AIM) activists from Minneapolis. The Native Americans demanded reparation for the many treaties broken by the US government and for the lands which were taken from so many tribes. During the occupation, the Indian termination policy, designed to end federal recognition of tribes, was rescinded by President Richard Nixon. He established a new policy of self-determination, in part as a result of the publicity and awareness created by the occupation. The occupation ended on June 11, 1971.